Those feasts of charity, which being instituted by the Apostles, were retained in the Church long after, are not now thought anywhere needful’ (Eccl. Surely, the Lord hath been most gracious to the Church, in the gift of this divine treasury. And ended his prayer with a doxology to God, expressive of his supreme dominion over the universe, and all the things it contains. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *grac… Peter says that he is writing to the shepherds as a shepherd himself. Amen. . Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity - See the notes on Romans 16:16, and on 1 Corinthians 16:20; (note). Stablish imports the curing of our natural lightness and inconstancy. In the Apostles’ times that was harmless, which being now revived would be scandalous; as their oscula sancta. Sadly, our “now generation” has become the “hopeless generation.” If ever there was an age without hope, it is our own—nuclear war, environmental pollution, racism, drugs, crime, corruption, A… (5.) 1 Peter 5 – For Shepherds and Sheep A. See note on Romans 16:16. But how soon do they part! 14 Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. This was a kiss (probably on the cheek), of brotherly love. all that God is for you in Christ explodes with faith, and joy, … John Piper Dec 16, 2016 779 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God See also our ch. Mark, his … Amen, as is common; the apostle wishing that this might be the case, and believing that it would be. 1 Peter 5 5 1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: Goppelt, p354; Michaels, p313.]. Worries about covetousness, ambition, popularity, all evaporate under the command to … Admonishes them to be on their guard. Men would have some more reason so to affect and pursue the glory of the present world, such as it is, if it were lasting, if it stayed with them when they have caught it, and they stayed with it to enjoy it. Peace [be] with you all that are in Christ Jesus. In the above places the kiss is called a holy kiss; here, φιληματι αγαπης, a kiss of Love; i.e. In this way, 1 Peter might be called the Job of the New Testament, providing encouragement for the true believer to continue on in the way that Jesus has laid out for all His followers. It is supplication with thanksgiving, prayer with praise. It still is today in many parts of the world. It is here fit, as in statues, to measure the man with the basis on which he stands; and there is no taking the right measure of a Christian but that way. See the Ephesians 6:23 note; Philemon 4:7 note. and Codex Vatican. 5: Gnomon of the New Testament (M. E. Bengel & J. C. F. Steudel, Ed.) God created us to glorify Him, and this is why we do good works – not to be seen or praised (Matthew 6:1-17), but so that we and those around us will “ give glory to your Father who is in heaven.” Christian, YOU ARE MEANT TO SHINE BY DOING WORKS THAT GLORIFY GOD. Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. What Peter speaks of here as the ‘kiss of love’ is always spoken of by Paul as the ‘holy kiss’ (Romans 16:16; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:26). * See note on 1 Pt 2:25. This was a kiss of fellowship between brothers, or sisters and brothers in Christ. First Peter focuses on the importance of believers bearing up under unjust suffering yet continuing to live well (1 Peter 2:20). John Piper Dec 16, 2016 779 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus, and every blessing, spiritual, temporal, and eternal, which is the happy portion of those that are perseveringly united to him their Living Head. Contrast "be with you all," Romans 16:24; 1 Corinthians 16:23. And such we have indeed: our Father is the God of all grace, a Spring which cannot be drawn dry, no, nor so much as any whit diminished. "What a wonderful way to end a letter that announced the coming of a fiery trial!" The erotic kiss is secondary and not stressed in the literature. The subscriptions are, as in other cases, various. but shows favor to the humble.”[ a] l.c.) The meaning of life 2; The Millennium 1; The Purpose of the Church 1; The Rapture 1; The Reformation 1; The Resurrection 3; The Return of Christ 5; The Spirit 1; The Three Crosses 1; The unpardonable sin 1; Things 1; Thinking 4; Tragedies 1; ... 1 Peter 1:6-9. The closing words ‘in Christ’ (which reading must be accepted instead of the ‘in Christ Jesus’ of the A. V.) are peculiarly Pauline in tone. See note on Romans 16:16. 1 Peter 5:1-14.EXHORTATIONS TO ELDERS, JUNIORS, AND ALL IN GENERAL. 65) the brethren should welcome one another with a kiss.” Chrysostom (on Rom. What does 1 Peter 5:14 mean? 1 Peter 5:5-14 New International Version (NIV) 5 In the same way, you who are younger, submit yourselves to your elders. "In the ancient world kisses were normally exchanged among family members (parents and children; brothers and sisters; servants and masters) and at times between rulers and their clients. Author – Date: The opening verse of the epistle claims it was written by Peter, who was clearly the leader among Christ’s apostles. Notice, who the peace is with. With the kiss. Finished correcting this epistle for a new edition, Dec. 31, 1831, - A. C. Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity - A kiss of love; a common method of affectionate salutation in the times of the apostles. The Lord be praised, for having recorded both thy fall, and thy restoration. 1 Peter 1:2). Ver. 2. Isaiah 28:16. - A MS. of the thirteenth century. Baptism stands between a person and being in Christ (Galatians 3:26-27). But the practice was obviously liable to abuse as Clement of Alexandria shows, “love is judged not in a kiss but in good will. "Peace" expresses the common Jewish blessing "Shalom." ii. These remarks of Richard Hooker on apostolic practices which are not to be held binding, are worth notice:—‘Whereas it is the error of the common multitude to consider only what hath been of old, and if the same were well, to see whether it still continue; if not, to condemn that presently which is, and never to search upon what ground or consideration the change might grow; such rudeness cannot be in you so well borne with, whom learning and judgment hath enabled more soundly to discern how far the times of the Church and the orders thereof may alter without offence. calls it “the peace by which the Apostle expels all disturbing thought and beginning of smallmindedness ’ this kiss softens and levels”. 301 P.). Note; They who have begun well, must take care to stand fast in the same grace which they have experienced. "The apostle informed the brethren of Pontus that he had sent this letter to them by Silvanus, whom he praised for his fidelity to Christ, 1 Peter 5:12. τοῖς ἐν χριστῷ is quite in St. Paul’s manner, cf. The office of an elder or presbyter is a high and honourable employment, and calls for suitable zeal and faithfulness to discharge it aright. Cf. He addresses himself to the younger, and all private members of the church. CONCLUSION. Peace be with you all that are. 1 Peter 5:14. . Yes, all of you be submissive to one another, and be clothed with humility, for … These later subscriptions are of little value, nor do any of them help to ascertain the place where the epistle was written. He now in like manner concludes, and wishes peace unto such of them as were Christians, and continued faithful. He now in like manner concludes, and wishes peace unto such of them as were Christians, and continued faithful. If we would heed the command of 1 Peter 5:6 and truly humble ourselves under the mighty hand of God, we would have far fewer cares to cast upon Him as invited in 1 Peter 5:7. The Lord be praised for thy recovery from his infernal spoils. John Piper Nov 27, 1994 26 Shares Message. - Syriac. He never speaks to good effect in any spiritual case who is not furnished out of the Divine treasury. CLOSING GREETINGS (12-14) 1. That is equivalent to the peace that is "first pure" set forth in James 3:17. Instead of the Pauline: ἐν ἁγίῳ φιλ., there is here: ἐν φιλ. Oh! By Silvanus, a faithful brother b. Exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God in which they stand 2. The First of Peter. He exhorts them to fervent love among themselves. The simple Hebrew salutation is proper to Peter’s autograph postscript and links it with the beginning.— , cf.1 Peter 3:16, 1 Peter 5:10, and the saying, Thus have I spoken to you that in me ye might have peace: in the world ye have tribulation but be of good cheer I have conquered the world (John 16:33). The First Epistle of Peter is completed; may his intercession be with us! I don't believe that Peter means that we must wait until Christ comes for God to relieve us. The examples of others should be our encouragement. "[40] The peace in view is primarily the well-being of the soul, the harmony of the recipients with the Father in heaven. Peace be unto you all that are in Christ. The end of the Epistle of St. Peter; may his supplication preserve us! 1 Peter 5:14. To grow solid through suffering, humble yourself before God (5:6-7). In Ephesians 6:24, addressed to the same region, the same limitation. 1 Peter 5:14. ἀγάπης) of sacred love.— εἰρήνη, peace) שלום, that is, I pray for your salvation: farewell.(44). art. The word יחליפו, which we render renew, signifies change; they shall have for their own, his strength; a childlike believer, and his strong Saviour, are too hard for all that rises against them. Peace be to you all who are in Christ.’. 14.] 1Peter 5:8 Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Blessedly called by Jesus, blessedly distinguished by Jesus, among the Apostles; no wonder Satan marked thee as an object to vent his hellish malice upon, with the most decided hatred. By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you (as I conclude from the most substantial grounds,) I have written briefly this short epistle, exhorting, and testifying, that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand, in the doctrine and practice of which you have hitherto persevered, and I trust will continue even unto the end. charity = love. Const., ii. - Bib. ‘Peace be to you all who are in Christ.’ Peter finishes on this sublime thought. "The practice seems to have been universal in those times."[39]. let us not close our meditation on this blessed book of God, without taking one view more of the God of all grace, in this most precious account of his rich, free, and sovereign mercy. Edit. The peace that Peter wishes for the brethren is on condition that they are in Christ Jesus. This gave rise to the Christian practice, which was a token of brotherly love, and had ‘the specific character of Christian consecration’ (see Meyer on 1 Corinthians 16:20). Amen - Is wanting, as usual, in some of the principal MSS. And I, too, will share in his glory when he is revealed to the whole world. * Presbyters: the officially appointed leaders and teachers of the Christian community (cf. Peace — Peter‘s closing salutation; as Paul‘s is, “Grace be with you,” though he accompanies it with “peace be to the brethren.” “Peace” (flowing from salvation) was Christ‘s own salutation after the resurrection, and from Him Peter derives it. Amen B. Rather, what is commanded is a pure attitude when we extend our greetings to … And that is why we can enjoy His peace. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus - That are true Christians. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. With a kiss of love (εν πιληματι αγαπης — en philēmati agapēs). "Having thus exhorted the pastors, the apostle turned his discourse to the people, charging them to be subject to their elders, and to one another; that is, to be of a teachable disposition, and to receive instruction from every one capable of giving it, and to do all the duties which they could to each other, according to their different stations and relations, 1 Peter 5:5. 1 Peter 2:6. PARTING PRAYER. 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God’s elect, exiles scattered throughout the provinces of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, 2 who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to … ‘Peter’ means ‘a rock’ or ‘a stone’. The True Grace of Christian Camaraderie. 1. Jesus told Peter that after he was restored from his denial of Jesus, he would “strengthen” [same word] his brothers. Salute one another with a kiss of love. Blessed be God, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, for this precious Epistle, among all the other divine revelation of covenant-love and mercy in Jesus Christ! COMPARISON OF POINTS OF EMPHASIS FIRST AND SECOND PETER 1 Peter 5:14 ‘Greet one another with a kiss of love’ ‘kiss of love’-Kissing as a method of greeting had prevailed for centuries in the ancient world. Be sober, be vigilant, weaned from all inordinate attachment to present things, and watchful in the use of every divine ordinance against the wiles of the great deceiver; because your adversary the devil, ever waiting for your halting, as a roaring lion, fierce and cruel, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour; restless and indefatigable in his attempts to murder immortal souls, and maliciously endeavouring to terrify those whom he is not permitted to destroy. Written from Rome. [Note: Ibid, pp204-5. Goppelt, p354; Michaels, p313.]. Though thou art weak, he is strong: it is he that strengthens thee, and renews thy strength,—makes it fresh, and greater than ever before. Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a … None ever cast their care upon God, and were confounded. The abuse of this custom led to its confinement to men with men and women with women and to its final abandonment (Apost. Casting all their anxious care on God, because he cared for them, 1 Peter 5:7. What, but grace, can call to his eternal glory? As I recall, a translated Latin phrase, “Seize the moment!” became the philosophy of a group of college students. Read Matthew 5:14-16. Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder; be guided by their advice, and attend to their admonitions; yea, all of you be subject one to another, paying that deference and respect which is due to every one according to his station, age, rank, or office; and be clothed with humility, as a shining garb which gives beauty to the whole conversation, and adds a lustre to every other grace: for God resisteth the proud; that is the character which of all others God abhors, and he giveth grace to the humble, who are peculiarly his delight, and enriched by him abundantly, and in proportion prepared for his presence in glory. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. Peace to you all that are in Christ. That is why we will be carried safely through the billows of life borne up in Him as the Ark of God (1 Peter 3:20), with a certain landing in His heavenly Kingdom. Stand firm in it! The Greek word pyrosis means fire or to burn. (3.) In the Greek Septuagint translation of the Old Testament both "cast" and "anxiety/cares" are the same Greek words that we find in 1 Peter… 1. This epistle opens and closes with a prayer for peace (cf. In Peter"s culture a kiss was a common way to express affection publicly (cf. No Christian can read it without deriving from it both light and life. When the enemy comes in as a flood, the Spirit of the Lord lifts up a standard against him (Isaiah 59:19. The matter or thing requested is expressed in divers brief words, Make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you; which, though they be much of the same sense, yet are not superfluously multiplied; for they carry the great importance of the thing, and the earnest desire in asking it. May the Almighty Giver add to it another blessing, and, make it forever profitable to every child of God, in every renewed perusal, as long as the Church continues on earth, until brought home to glory. 2. Victory in Jesus 1 Peter 5: 6-11 We have considered much in our time moving through Peter’s first epistle. See Dr. Macknight. 4:21). And it is eternal. as a mark of their love to each other, in order that misunderstandings might be prevented. Note; (1.) The First Catholic Epistle of Peter the apostle is ended. ς, Thus have I spoken to you that in me ye might have peace: in the world ye have tribulation but be of good cheer I have conquered the world, Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity, Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. Hence the kissing as a greeting isn’t being commanded, for it was already being practiced. The True Grace of Christian Camaraderie. "What a wonderful way to end a letter that announced the coming of a fiery trial! 2. This affectionate kissing was normally on the cheeks, forehead, or hands. She who is in Babylon, elect together with you b. In Paul"s epistles the epithet "holy" (hagios) is used. The benediction itself somewhat resembles that in Ephesians 6:24. ); and no siege against the true believer, can be so close as to keep out this aid; for it comes from above. Elders should be faithful shepherds. But especially to be subject to God, by humbly submitting themselves to the judgments which were coming upon them, that God might exalt them in due time, 1 Peter 5:6. The other word Peter uses to describe our sufferings is "trial" (NIV, KJV) or "ordeal" (NRSV). This affectionate kissing was normally on the cheeks, forehead, or hands. 1. God will put you back together after the trial so that you will be useful to Him. Romans 16:16; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:26). Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. 1 Peter 5:14. And settle, though it seems the same, and in substance is the same with the other word stablish, yet it adds somewhat to it very considerable; for it signifies to found or fix upon a sure foundation, and so indeed may have an aspect to Him who is the foundation and strength of believers, on whom they build by faith, even Jesus Christ, in whom alone we can have all, both complete victory over sin, and increase of grace, establishment of spirit, and power to persevere against all difficulties and assaults: He is that corner foundation-stone laid in Zion, that they who build upon him may not be ashamed. The end of the First Epistle of the Apostle Peter. We who are His people are ‘in Christ’. be with you all that are in Christ Jesus — The oldest manuscripts omit “Jesus.” In Ephesians 6:24, addressed to the same region, the same limitation of the salutation occurs, whence, perhaps, Peter here adopts it. 1P iP i Pet) Note that it is not sufficient to formally kiss one another’s cheeks, it must be a kiss of genuine love. The members of the church are by turns to greet one another (not each other in Peter’s name) with the kiss of charity, thus testifying to their brotherly love for each other (see Meyer on 1 Corinthians 16:20). 3. In the view and expectation of which, feed the flock of God which is among you with fidelity, diligence, and zeal, preaching the sound doctrine, and maintaining the wholesome discipline of the gospel, considering the inestimable price which has been paid for the salvation of all who will yield to be saved by grace; taking the oversight thereof; watching over them with wisdom, and holy solicitude to promote their spiritual and eternal good; not by constraint, as compelled to do it against your inclinations, but willingly, delighting in your blessed office and employment; not for filthy lucre, as the motive to undertake the charge, but of a ready mind, free from every mercenary view, and influenced purely by zeal for the Redeemer, and love towards immortal souls; neither as being lords over God's heritage, and ruling with arrogance and haughtiness, as if you had dominion over men's consciences, but being ensamples to the flock, in all humility, meekness, and holy conversation. "Peace" expresses the common Jewish blessing "Shalom." The difference is not great. Contrast, “Be with you all,” Romans 16:24; 1 Corinthians 16:23. As the true Church of Christ has generally been in a state of suffering, the epistles of St. Peter have ever been most highly prized by all believers. Greetings from: a. But they were to resist that terrible enemy by steadfastness in the faith, and not to think themselves hardly dealt with when persecuted, knowing that their brethren everywhere were exposed to the same temptations of the devil, 1 Peter 5:9. This exhortation to bishops to feed Christ's flock was given with much propriety by Peter, who had himself been appointed by Christ to feed his lambs and his sheep. Elsewhere Paul usually gives ‘grace’ where Peter has ‘peace’ here. It is the hyperbole, καθ υπερβολην εις υπερβολην ; other glory is over-spoken; but this glory, over glorious to be duly spoken, it exceeds and rises above all that can be spoken of it. The kiss, spoken of here, is not a passionate kiss. Of the kiss of love we have spoken elsewhere. The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, called and invited to, and partakers of, the same glorious privileges and blessings as yourselves, through Jesus Christ, saluteth you in all Christian wishes of peace and prosperity; and so doth Marcus my son. 1 Peter 5:14. ἀσπάσασθε ἀλλήλους ἐν φιλήματι ἀγάπης] Paul uses a similar expression, Romans 16:16; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:26. Cf. I . 1 Peter 5:13. Ministers, especially, should study it well, that they may know how to comfort their flocks when in persecution or adversity. None should ever enter the ministry by constraint, at the solicitation of friends, or as bred to it for a maintenance, but as prompted by a desire to glorify God, and to be instrumental in the salvation of lost souls. that adds much! The distinguished reward which Christ is to bestow on those who have suffered for his sake being a favourite topic with our apostle, he introduces it often in this epistle. Peace be with you all - May all prosperity, spiritual and temporal, be with all that are in Christ Jesus - at are truly converted to him, and live in his Spirit obedient to his will. (Romans 16:24) 1 Corinthians 16:23; 2 Corinthians 13:13; Galatians 6:18; Ephesians 6:24 (where however εἰρήνη τοῖς ἀδελφοῖς κ. τ. λ. precedes); Philippians 4:23; Colossians 4:18; 1 Thessalonians 5:28; 2 Thessalonians 3:18; 1 Timothy 6:21; 2 Timothy 4:22; Titus 3:15; Philemon 1:25 (Hebrews 13:25). “Seize the moment!” aptly characterizes the spirit of our age; it also betrays the absence of the most vital element of hope. Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. 14. It was the peculiar honour of Peter and a few more, to be witnesses of Christ's sufferings; but it is the privilege of all true Christians to partake of the glory that shall be revealed. Commentary on 1 Peter 5:10-14 (Read 1 Peter 5:10-14) In conclusion, the apostle prays to God for them, as the God of all grace. But remember, all this grace, which we would receive from the God of all grace, must be from God in Christ. 2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; Scripture: 1 Peter 5:12–14. ", —In token of Christian love, exchanged only between persons of the same sex. 1. The reward of faithful ministers shall be eminently glorious; they shall shine as stars in the firmament for ever and ever. Polity, Preface, iv. It weighs down all labour and sufferings in the way, so far, that they are not once worth the speaking of in respect of it. The well-instructed Christian looks to Jesus, Hebrews 12:2 looks off from all opposition and difficulties; looks above them to Jesus, the Author and Finisher of the faith of every soul which perseveringly cleaves to him. And as he is the God of sanctifying grace in the beginning and growth of it, so also the God of supporting grace, that supervenient influence, without which the graces we possess would fail us in the time of greatest need. Kiss of charity or love refers to the salutation of the kiss as was customary in old times. When temptations have almost made a breach, and are on the point of entering with full force and violence, he lets in so much present help on a sudden, as makes them give back and disappear. The elders which are among you I exhort, who also am an elder, put in trust with the same gospel, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, bearing testimony to what I have seen, and ready to suffer with him and for him, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed when the great Shepherd and Bishop of souls shall appear to reward his faithful ministers. Scripture: 1 Peter 5:8–14. Salute one another with (or, by means of) a kiss of love. with greet all the brethren with an holy kiss (1 Thessalonians 5:26; cf.1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; Romans 16:16). The Vulgate Latin reads "grace", which is most usual in Paul's epistles. Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity, in token of your mutual, unfeigned affection. - Complutensian Polyglott. Here it is, “peace to you, I mean, all that are, and in as far as they are, in Christ;” in union and communion with Him. The epistle is closed with. The final four paragraphs of 1 Peter can be easily identified as 1 Peter 4:12-19; 5:1-5; 5:6-11; and 5:12-14. 1 Peter 5:5-14 "Likewise you younger people, submit yourselves to your elders. The letter teaches, for example, that Christ is the Stone rejected by the builder (2:7-8; Acts 4:10-11), and that Christ is no respecter of persons (1… Humility is our greatest ornament, and in God's sight of great price; and those who possess it, he delighteth to honour.—(4.) They are to reveal their chaste love for one another by a meaningful symbol of love rather than with a pretence that has no meaning. Amen! He does not claim power to rule over all pastors and churches. 1 Peter 5:14. (2.) What, but grace, can prepare the soul of any one individual for the enjoyment of it? By the addition of τοῖς ἐν χρ., the πάντες are designated according to their nature as such, who live in union with Christ, and to whom, therefore, the benediction here pronounced belongs. Note; We have a deadly foe to conflict with, powerful, wily, watchful, experienced in deceit; we need be ever on our guard against his snares.
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