What happened was that Franz II, Holy Roman Emperor, and head of the Habsburg lands, saw the writing on the wall when a certain Napoleon Bonaparte declared himself Emperor … Leopold II Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Leopold II. Francis II (German: Franz II. Fran­cis was a son of Em­peror Leopold II (1747–1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745–1792), daugh­ter of Charles III of Spain. Democratic candidate for the Vice-Presidency of the United States. Born to Leopold Joseph, Duke of Lorraine, Francis became the oldest surviving son of his father after the death of his brother Leopold Clement. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, was the penultimate ruler of the Habsburg Monarchy, and King of Bohemia (as Charles II), King of Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, and Archduke of … 1745 - 1765. Soon after Napoleon created the Confederation of the Rhine, Francis abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor. Francis II (German: Franz II. He added that "we hereby decree that we regard the bond which until now tied us to the states of the Empire as dissolved"[10] in effect dissolving the empire. with Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies", "gender": "Female" }, View Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's Family Tree and History, Ancestry and Genealogy, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's father was Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's mother was Infanta Maria Luisa Of Spain, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Duchess Marie Louise of Parma Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Ludovika, Duchess Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Emperor Ferdinand I Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austrria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Karoline Ludovika of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Maria Leopoldine Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Marie Clementine Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Archduke Josef Franz Leopold Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Marie Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Archduke Franz Karl Joseph Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Marie Anne Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Archduke Johann Nepomuk Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduchess Amalie Theresia of Austria, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife was Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife was Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife was Elisabeth, Duchess Of Württemberg, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother was Archduke Joseph of Austria, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's niece was Alexandrine, Archduchess Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's niece was Marie Henriette Of Austria, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great niece was Princess Louise Of Belgium Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great nephew was Prince Leopold, Duke Of Brabent Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great niece was Princess Stephanie Of Belgium Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great niece was Princess Clémentine Of Belgium, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather was Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather was King Charles III of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother was Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother was Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandfather was King Felipe V of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandmother was Isabella Elizabeth Farnese Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandfather was Karl VI, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandmother was Elisabeth of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandfather was Duke Leopold Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandmother was Elisabeth Charlotte D'Orleans   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great great grandfather was Louis De Bourbon, Dauphin De France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great great grandmother was Maria Anna Victoria Of Bavaria, Dauphine Of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great great grandfather was Duke Philippe I Of Orleans Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great great grandmother was Elisabeth Charlotte Pfalzgräfin Von Simmern   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 3x great grandfather was King Louis XIV of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 3x great grandmother was Maria Theresa von Habsburg, Infanta Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 3x great grandfather was Karl I Elector Palatine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 3x great grandmother was Charlotte Landgräfin of Hesse-Kassel   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandmother was Princess Anna of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandfather was King Philip IV Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandmother was Elisabeth Of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandfather was King Louis XIII of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandfather was King Frederick V of Bohemia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandmother was Elizabeth Stuart, Princess of England   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandfather was King James I of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandmother was Anne Oldenburg, Princess of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandfather was King Philip III of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandmother was Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandfather was King Henry IV of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandmother was Queen Marie of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandfather was Friedrich IV Kurfürst Von Der Pfalz Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandmother was Countess Louise Juliana Of Nassau   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Mary, Queen of Scots Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was King Philip II of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Charles II, Archduke Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Maria Anna Of Bavaria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Archduchess Anna Von Österreich Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Francesco I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Joanna of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Antoine of Navarre Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Jeanne d'Albret Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was King Frederick II of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Queen Sophie of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Prince William I Of Orange Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Princess Charlotte De Bourbon-Vendôme Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Ludwig VI Kurfürst Von Der Pfalz Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Elisabeth of Hesse   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was King James V of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Ferdinand I Von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Anna Jagellon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Isabella of Portugal Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Cosimo I De Medici, Grand Duke Of Tuscany Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Eleanora De Toledo Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Ulrich, Duke Of Mecklenburg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Princess Elizabeth Of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was King Christian III of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Mary Of Lorraine, Duchess of Guise Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Matthew Stuart, 4th Earl of Lennox Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Lady Margaret Stuart   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was King James IV of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was Vladislav II, King Of Bohemia And Hungary Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Anne De Foix, Comtesse De Candale Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was Felipe I Von Habsburg, Rey de Castilla Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Juana, Reina Juana de Castilla Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was King Manuel I of Portugal Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Margaret, Queen of Scots Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Lennox Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Lady Elizabeth Stuart   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandfather was King James III of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandfather was King Ferdinand II of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandmother was Queen Isabella I of Castile Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandfather was Fernando II, Rey de Espana Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandmother was Isabella I, Reina de Castilla Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandfather was King Henry VII of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandmother was Elizabeth of York Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandmother was Queen Consort Margaret Of Scotland   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was King Edward IV Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Elizabeth Woodville Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was King James II of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Margaret Beaufort Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was Juan II, Rey de Castilla y Leon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Isabel de Aviz Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was John II Of Castile Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Isabella of Portugal, Queen of Castile Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was John II Of Aragon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Juana Enriquez De Córdoba Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Queen Consort Marie Of Scotland   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandfather was King James I of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandfather was Richard Woodville, He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Emperor Francis … Francis I (German: Franz Stefan; Italian: Francesco Stefano; English: Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real powers of those positions. But I thought to myself, 'One can never tell'. Francis was born on February 12, 1768, in Florence, the eldest son of Leopold, Grand Duke of Tuscany and future Holy Roman Emperor, and Archduchess Maria Louisa of Spain. Find out about Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor & Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Married, children, joint family tree & history, ancestors and ancestry. Francis passed on a main point in the political testament he left for his son and heir Ferdinand to; "preserve unity in the family and regard it as one of the highest goods." 19 Sep 1790. On 11 August 1804, in response to Napoleon crowning himself as emperor of the French earlier that year, he announced that he would henceforth assume the title of hereditary emperor of Austria as Francis I, a move that technically was illegal in terms of imperial law. Francis had a fraught relationship with France. Francis was a son of Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745–1792), daughter of Charles III of Spain. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor", "gender": "Male" }, Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress", "gender": "Female" }, King Charles III of Spain{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "King Charles III of Spain", "gender": "Male" }, Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony", "gender": "Female" }, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor", "gender": "Male" }, Infanta Maria Luisa Of Spain{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Infanta Maria Luisa Of Spain", "gender": "Female" }, Archduke His disciplinarian regime was a stark contrast to the indulgent Florentine Court of Leopold. His wife effectively ruled Austria and the Holy Roman … The next day, on February 20, 1790, Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II died at the age of 49. [20] In the later years of his reign he limited military spending, requiring it not exceed forty million florins per year; because of inflation this resulted in inadequate funding, with the army's share of the budget shrinking from half in 1817 to only twenty-three percent in 1830. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's grandchildren: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's grandson was Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's grandson was Archduke Joseph of Austria Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's granddaughter was Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's granddaughter was Princess Luisa Maria Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis … All relationship and family history information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the public domain. Right here at FameChain. with Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies", "gender": "Female" }, Archduches Marie Caroline Of Austria{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Archduches Marie Caroline Of Austria", "gender": "Female" }, born 1801, died 1832, age 31 Married 12 children together. [2], Emperor Joseph II himself took charge of Francis's development. Find out about Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor & Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este Married, joint family tree & history, ancestors and ancestry. [7][nb 1]. Part Five As was written above, the Genealogics site gives the following line of descent from Emperor Frederick II to Elizabeth Woodville, Queen of England. Partners of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. with Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies", "gender": "Female" }, Archduches Maria Leopoldine Of Austria{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Archduches Maria Leopoldine Of Austria", "gender": "Female" }, born 1797, died 1826, age 29 Francis I was the Holy Roman Emperor who along with his wife founded the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. sibling relationship with Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (born 5 May 1747) sibling relationship with Maria Amalia, Archduchess of Austria (1746) (born 26 February 1746) sibling relationship with Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria (1738) (born 6 October 1738) sibling relationship with Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Sicily … Find out about Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor & Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este Married, joint family tree & history, ancestors and ancestry. He had 15 siblings. He married Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain, a daughter of Charles III of Spain, on 5 August 1764. ; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis I, the first Emperor … Francis II, the last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806) and, as Francis I, emperor of Austria (1804-35); he was also, as Francis, king of Hungary (1792-1830) and king of Bohemia (1792-1836). Due to the establishment of the Concert of Europe, which largely resisted popular nationalist and liberal tendencies, Francis became viewed as a reactionary later in his reign. After the abdication of Napoleon following the War of the Sixth Coalition, Austria participated as a leading member of the Holy Alliance at the Congress of Vienna, which was largely dominated by Francis's chancellor Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Metternich culminating in a new European map and the restoration of Francis's ancient dominions (except the Holy Roman Empire which was dissolved). The infant Archduchess did not survive long, dying on June 24, 1791. Family & Personal Life Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, had many siblings, including elder brothers Charles and Joseph, and a sister, Marie Antoinette. He was later defeated by Napoleon. Though he had a happy childhood surrounded by his many siblings,his family knew Francis was likely to be a future Emperor (his uncle Joseph had no surviving issue from either of his two marriages), and so in 1784 the young Archduke was sent to the Imperial Co… Nonetheless, Francis greatly admired his uncle, if rather feared him. Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and his wife, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, welcomed their first daughter, Maria Theresa, … © Copyright FameChain 2021, All rights reserved. Francis II was the last emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, ruling from 1792 until 1806. Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este. But do note that it is not possible to be certain of a person's genealogy without a family's cooperation (and/or DNA testing). See also categories: Portrait paintings of Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg, Portrait paintings of Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Portrait paintings of Maria Ludovika of Modena and Portrait paintings of Caroline Augusta of Bavaria. [24] The lyrics were adapted for later Emperors and the music lives on as the Deutschlandlied. Austria played a major role in the final defeat of France—in recognition of this, Francis, represented by Clemens von Metternich, presided over the Congress of Vienna, helping to form the Concert of Europe and the Holy Alliance, ushering in an era of conservatism in Europe. This made Francis a cousin of the Duchess of Angoulême. Brother . Last Roman Emperor and first Emperor of Austria (Francis I. To complete his training, Francis was sent to join an army regiment in Hungary and he settled easily into the routine of military life.[4]. Media in category "Paintings of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Marie Antoinette was his father’s younger sister. with Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies", "gender": "Female" }, Archduches Karoline Ludovika of Austria{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Archduches Karoline Ludovika of Austria", "gender": "Female" }, born 1795, died 1799, age 3 He was birthed from the Royal Family and held several titles such as Holy Roman Emperor, Grace of God, Archduke of Austria, Grand Prince of Transylvania, Prince of Brabant, and the Duke of Burgundy to name a few. Francis II (German: Franz II., Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. NAME=Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Francis I of Austria SHORT DESCRIPTION=Deceased Monarch DATE OF BIRTH= February 12, 1768 PLACE OF BIRTH= Florence, Tuscany, Italy DATE OF DEATH= March 2, 1830 PLACE OF DEATH= Vienna, Austria. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor Born May 5, 1747 Father Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708-65) (57 years) Mother Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria (1717-80) (63 years) Marriage 1764-92 (28 years, died) Died March 1, 1792 (44 years) Francis II (German language: Franz II., Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the disastrous defeat of the Third Coalition by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis … He was King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's children: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Queen Marie Antoinette of France Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Of Austria Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduchess Marie Anna Of Austria Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor… Jul 26, 2015 - Joseph II (Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; 13 March 1741 – 20 February 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. Family: Spouse/Ex-: Maria Luisa of Spain (m. 1764) father: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor mother: Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia siblings: Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor, Joseph II, Marie Antoinette children: Albrecht Johann Joseph Erzherzog von Österreich, Archduchess Maria … Francis II, the last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806) and, as Francis I, emperor of Austria (1804-35); he was also, as Francis, king of Hungary (1792-1830) and king of Bohemia (1792-1836). [5] The strain told on Leopold and by the winter of 1791, he became ill. To increase patriotic sentiment during the war with France, the anthem "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" was composed in 1797 to be sung as the Kaiserhymne to music by Joseph Haydn. Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria (Maximilian Franz Xaver Joseph Johann Anton de Paula Wenzel, 8 December 1756 in Vienna – 26 July 1801 in Vienna) was Elector of Cologne, and Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights.He was the youngest child of the Habsburg ruler of Austria, Maria Theresa, and her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, for whom he was named. Francis II (German: Franz II., Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. [17] Even his family did not escape attention. As such, … King of the Romans (Latin: Rex Romanorum; German: König der Römer) was the title used by the German king following his election by the princes from the reign of Emperor Henry II (1014–1024) onward. Upon her accession, the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48) erupted, challenging her inheritance of the Habsburg lands. He was very close to his brother and sister Anne Charlotte. After the death of Joseph II in 1790, Francis's father became Emperor. He was connected with the Habsburgs through his grandmother Eleonor, daughter of Emperor Ferdinand III, and wife of Charles Leopold of Lorraine, his grandfather. Fran­cis was born in Flo­rence, the cap­i­tal of Tus­cany, where his fa­ther reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90. Then, on 22 July, Napoleon issued an ultimatum to Francis demanding that he abdicates as Holy Roman Emperor by 10 August. King of the Anglo-Saxons Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 28x great grandmother was Eadgifu Of Kent   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 29x great grandfather was Alfred The Great Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 29x great grandmother was Ealhswith, Princess of Mercia   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 30x great grandfather was Æðelwulf, King Of Wessex Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 30x great grandmother was Osburga   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 31x great grandfather was Oslac Of Hampshire Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 31x great grandfather was Ecgbeorht, King Of Wessex Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 31x great grandmother was Redburga, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandson was Napolen Bonaparte II Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's granddaughter was Albertina Sanvitale Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandson was Prince William Albert I of Montenuovo, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Queen Marie Antoinette of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's uncle-by-marriage was King Louis XVI of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Anna Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's uncle was Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Christine Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's uncle was Archduke Karl Joseph Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Amalie Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Johanna Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Marie Josephe Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt was Archduchess Maria Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's uncle was Archduke Ferdinand Karl Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's aunt-by-marriage was Maria Beatrice D'Este, Duchess of Modena Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's uncle was Archduke Maximilian Franz Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's uncle was King Ferdinand I of The Two Sicilies, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Leopold Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Elizabeth Charlotte Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Louise Christine of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Marie Gabriele Charlotte of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Louis Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Josepha Gabriele Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Gabriele Louise Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Leopold Clement Charles Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Eleanor of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Elizabeth Therese Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Duke Charles Alexander Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Anne Charlotte of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Leopold of Habsburg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Archduchess Maria Anna Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Maria Amalia Of Habsburg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was King Louis I of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Infante Felipe Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Infante Felipe Pedro Gabriel Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was King Fernando VI of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Francisco Of Bourbon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Infanta Maria Ana Vittoria Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Duke Filippo Of Parma Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Infanta Maria Teresa Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great uncle was Cardinal Luis Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great aunt was Queen Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Luisa Maria Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Anna Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was King Francesco I of The Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Cristina Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Giuseppe Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Queen Maria Amelia Teresa of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Unnamed Bourbon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Antonietta Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Clotilda Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Enrichetta Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Leopold Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Alberto Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Isabella Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Josef Franz Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Archduchess Maria Theresia von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Josepha Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Archduchess Maria-Leopoldine Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Archduke Franz IV von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Archduke Ferdinando Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Archduke Maximilion Joseph Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Maria Antonia Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Archduke Karl Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Duchess Marie Therese Of Angoulême Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Louis Joseph, Dauphin Of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Louis XVII Charles of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Duchesse Marie Sophie of Angoulême Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Luisa Maria Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Anna Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was King Francesco I of The Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Cristina Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Giuseppe Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Queen Maria Amelia Teresa of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Unnamed Bourbon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Antonietta Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Clotilda Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Enrichetta Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Leopold Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Prince Alberto Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's cousin was Princess Maria Isabella Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Duchess Marie Louise of Parma (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Emperor Ferdinand I Of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austrria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduches Karoline Ludovika of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduches Maria Leopoldine Of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduches Marie Clementine Of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduke Josef Franz Leopold Of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduches Marie Caroline Of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduke Franz Karl Joseph Of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduches Marie Anne Of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduke Johann Nepomuk Of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Archduchess Amalie Theresia of Austria (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Maria Carolina Of Bourbon (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke Of Orleans (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Louise of Orleans (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Marie Christiane Of Orleans (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Prince Louis, Duke Of Nemours (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Françoise Of France (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Clementine Of France (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Prince François Of France (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Prince Charles, Duke of Penthièvre (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Prince Henri, Duke of Aumale (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Prince Antoine, Duke Of Montpensier (twice over) Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Maria Beatrice Di Savoia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Duke Carlo Of Aosta Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Maria Vittoria Of Savoy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Duke Maurizio Of Chablais Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Maria Isabella di Borbone, Infanta de España Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Carlotta Of Savoy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Maria Guiseppina Of Savoy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Duke Amedeo Of Montferrat Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Maria Teresa Of Savoy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Maria Anna Of Savoy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was King Vittorio Emanuele I of Sardinia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Giuseppa Of Savoy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Duke Maurizio Of Montferrat Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Princess Maria Carolina Of Savoy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was King Charles Felix of Sardinia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's first cousin once removed was Duke Giuseppe Of Aoste, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's second cousin was Duke Louis Of Angoulême Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's second cousin was Sophie Of Bourbon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's second cousin was Duke Charles Ferdinand Of Berry Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's second cousin was Marie Therese Of Bourbon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's second cousin was Maria Beatrice Di Savoia, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son in law was Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Queen Marie Antoinette of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's uncle-by-marriage was King Louis XVI of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Queen Marie Antoinette of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's uncle-by-marriage was King Louis XVI of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather in law was Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's uncle in law was Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather in law was Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's uncle in law was Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's father in law was Archduke Ferdinand Karl Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's mother in law was Maria Beatrice D'Este, Duchess of Modena Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother in law was Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather in law was Ercole III D'Este, Duke Of Modena Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother in law was Donna Maria Teresa Cibo, Duchess of Massa & Carrara Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Josef Franz Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Archduchess Maria Theresia von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law-by-marriage was King Vittorio Emanuele I of Sardinia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Josepha Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Archduchess Maria-Leopoldine Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Archduke Franz IV von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law-by-marriage was Maria Beatrice Di Savoia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Archduke Ferdinando Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Archduke Maximilion Joseph Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Maria Antonia Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Archduke Karl Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Anna Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's uncle in law was Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Christine Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's uncle in law was Archduke Karl Joseph Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Amalie Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Johanna Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Josephe Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's aunt in law was Archduchess Maria Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's uncle in law was Archduke Maximilian Franz Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este's uncle in law was Rinaldo Francesco D'Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's father in law was King Ferdinand I of The Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's mother in law was Archduchess Maria Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather in law was King Charles III of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother in law was Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother in law was Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Princess Luisa Maria Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Princess Maria Anna Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was King Francesco I of The Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Princess Maria Cristina Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Prince Giuseppe Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Queen Maria Amelia Teresa of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Unnamed Bourbon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Princess Maria Antonietta Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Princess Maria Clotilda Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Princess Maria Enrichetta Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Prince Carlo Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Prince Leopold Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Prince Alberto Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Princess Maria Isabella Of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Infanta Maria Luisa Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Anna Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's uncle in law was Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Christine Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's uncle in law was Archduke Karl Joseph Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Amalie Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Johanna Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt in law was Archduchess Marie Josephe Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's uncle in law was Archduke Ferdinand Karl Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's aunt-by-marriage was Maria Beatrice D'Este, Duchess of Modena Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies's uncle in law was Archduke Maximilian Franz Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's father in law was Friedrich II, Duke Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's mother in law was Friederike von Brandenburg-Schwedt Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather in law was Karl I, Duke Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother in law was Marie-Auguste Of Thurn And Taxis Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather in law was Friedrich Von Brandenburg-Schwedt Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother in law was Princess Sophie Of Prussia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was King Frederick I of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Ludwig, Duke Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Eugen, Duke Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Mariya Feodorovna Romanova Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law-by-marriage was Tsar Pavel I of Russia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Wilhelm, Duke Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Ferdinand, Duke Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Friederike, Duchess of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's sister in law was Friederike, Duchess Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Karl, Duke Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Alexander, Duke Of Württemberg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother in law was Karl, Duke of Württemberg, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's former son in law was Count Adam Albrecht Of Neipperg, Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte", "gender": "Male" } Online or printed sources and from publicly accessible databases February 20,,! 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